7. References

DWAF, 1998. Waste Management Series, 2nd Edition, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Pretoria, 1998.

DEA 2011, Draft Municipal Sector Plan.

DEA - National Domestic collection standards, October 2010.

DEA - Draft National Waste Information regulations, 2012.

DEAT, 1998. EIA Regulations: Implementation of Sections 21, 22 and 26 of the Environmental Conservation Act, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Pretoria, April 1998.

DEAT, 2000. Programme for the Implementation of the National Waste Management Strategy: Draft Starter Document for Integrated Waste Management Planning, Reference Document, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Pretoria, May, 2000.

DEAT, 2006, Guideline on the implementing the South African waste information system.

DACERD North West, 2008. Provincial Integrated Waste Management Plan, Department of Agriculture, Conservation, Environment and Rural Development: North West, 2008

DEADP Western Cape, 2005. Guidelines for the development of Integrated waste management plans (IWMP's) for municipalities, Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning: Western Cape, 2005

Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 32 of 2000

UNEP, 2009. Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan, Training manual volume 1. Waste Characterisation and Quantification with Projections for Future

UNEP, 2009. Developing Integrated Solid Waste Management Plan, Training manual volume 2. Assessment of Current Waste management system and Gaps therein

StatsSA, Non-financial census of municipalities for the year ended 30 June 2010

StatsSA 2011, Mid-year growth Estimate report

Annexure A: Typical volumes of vehicles using waste disposal facilities

Annexure B: Typical densities of different municipal waste streams

Waste categorisation Waste type Density kg/m3
Domestic waste Domestic waste compacted in REL 500
Domestic uncompacted 200
Mix domestic/garden (more domestic than garden) 200
Mix domestic/building rubble (more domestic than building) 250
Commercial/Industrial Commercial/Industrial - packaging (paper and plastics) 200
Commercial/Industrial - timber/metal 150
Tyres 150
Inert Waste (Contruction waste) Building rubble/concrete/sand/ fiber glass/bricks/ceramics 750
Building rubble/industrial mix (more building than packaging) 350
Building/garden mix (more building than garden) 250
Garden waste Loose grass/small branches 200
Large logs 400
Garden/building mix (more garden than building) 250
Perishable waste Food waste/animal fodder 840